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Issue 1 (20), 2009

FLORA AND FAUNA

Budashkin Yu. I., Giderashko O. G.
New Materials of Fauna and Biology of Crimean Coleophorid Moth (Lepidoptera Coleophoridae)
The results of original faunal and biological investigations of Crimean casebearer-moths (Lepidoptera, Coleophoridae) are given: 3 species of Coleophoridae are founded for the first time in Crimea, 2 species of Coleophoridae are founded for the first time in Ukraine. The new host plants for 7 Coleophoridae-species are given. The complete scheme of Crimean annual development cycle are presented for 9 Coleophoridae-species.

Leonov S. V.
Land Mollusks (Mollusca; Gastropoda) of Crimea: Species Check-List
A list of land snails and slugs of Crimea and information about the newest findings are given in the article. At the latest data there are 111 species of terrestrial mollusks are known in Crimean peninsula, and 19 of the ones are endemics.

Bednarskaya E. V.
Population Dynamics of Bdellides (Acarina, Prostigmata: Bdellidae) in the Caves of Central Part of Mountain Crimea
Information about seasonal population dynamics of three bdellide species Bdella iconica Berlese, 1923, Bdella muscorum Ewing, 1917, Cyta latirostris Hermann, 1804 in the caves of Mountain Crimea is presented in the article. Reasons of seasonal fluctuations are analyzed.

Kiosya Ye. O.
New Records of Water Bears (Tardigrada) from Crimean Peninsula
Tardigrades of mosses and lichens have been studied in various locations of Crimean peninsula. Altogether 4600 specimens have been found in 212 samples. As a result 22 species of Tardigrada have been found among which 17 are new records for Crimea, 7 are new records for Ukraine and 1 is a new species.

BIOCENOLOGY AND SPECIES

Korzhenevsky V. V., Kvitnytskaya A. A.
Phytoindication of Suffozionic Phenomena on Muddy Volcanic Breccias in the Crimea
The phytoindicative importance of syntaxons of suffozionic phenomena on muddy volcanic breccias has been determined. Syntaxons induced infiltration processes have been discussed. The additional indicative characteristics of communities have been analysed: systematic and geographical structures, basic biomorph, structure of surface shoots, structure and depth of rootsystem, type of strategy, ecomorphs on the light regime, ecomorphs on moisturing and ecomorphs on soil riches and salts. It is established that the degree of recognizableness of relief forms on syntaxons-indicators is high enough more then 85%, while additional signs do not possess sufficient indicative features.

Zhaldak S. N.
Experimental Study of Influence of Interspecific Interactions on the Growth and Vital Condition in Communities of Associations of Salicornietum Suaedosum (acuminate)
The character of competitive interactions between plants in the community of annual euhalophytes was analysed. The positive correlation of morphometric parameters and the growth from the intensity of interspecific interaction of plants in the community was revealed. Equal values of relative growth rate of Salicornia europeae and Suaeda acuminate at the interaction with each other indicate the presence of symmetrically-measured competition in communities of annual euhalophytes.

Simagina N. O., Lysyakova N. Yu., Bulavin I. V.
The Allelopathic Aspects of Symbiotic Interactions of Some Species of Family Orchidaceae
According to quality histological reactions at some rhizome and tuberous species of family Оrchidaceae Juss. the changes of accumulation of lignin, suberin, pectin substances, melanoids, phenolic in connections of ontogenesis stage are revealed. It is conditioned by the display of allelopathic activity, as a mechanism of regulation of interaction between micobiont and higher plant.

Kiselyova G. A, Konovalow W. S., Lapchenko A. A., Kolova K. A.
Species Diversity and Dynamics of the Macrozoobenthos of Associations of Algae in Karadag Natural Reserve
It was given analysis of biodiversity and spatial distribution of the macrozoobenthos in the tangle of algae from the Karadag Natural Reservation. Particulate change in the composition of algae and an invertebrates living there was observed. The average numbers and biomass decreased in 10 times. The Schennon indexes, the Margalef species diversity index, evenness Pyelu were used. Obtained results of the biodiversity is closely related.

Antonets N. V.
The Population Dynamics of Micromammalia and Predatory Influence of Red Fox in the Dnepro-Orel’s Nature Reserve
In this article the data of population dynamics of small mammals in Dnipro-Orel’s Natural Reserve in period 1991-2009 was given. Dynamics of population quantity at time, space territory and prognosis at the future parameters of their population in coenosis were shown. Also the population dynamics of red fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) at reserve in period 1991–2009 was presented and main reasons which influence were determined. The predatory influence of red fox on fauna of small mammals was discussed. The interaction in system «predator – sacrifice» and connection dynamics of their populations were considerated. The dominate factors, which limited quantity of red fox are – epizooties hydrophobia and depression of number main forage’s object – small mammals.

Vakhrusheva L. P., Yena A. V., Boldyrev E. V.
Cyclamen Coum in the Crimea: Evaluation of Species Morphological Criteria and Age Stages
In the article the criteria were elucidated for proper identification of Cyclamen coum as a species and its plants of various age stages.

Biryuleva E. G., Serikova A. S.
Phytocenological and Morpho-Anatomical Characteristic of Plantago Coronopus
Peculiarities of phytocoenosis, which includes Plantago coronopus L. were revealed; the type of association was determined, geobotanic descriptions, biological and ecological characteristics were given. Morphological and anatomical features of Plantago coronopus L. in connection with peculiarities of the habitat were established.

Lysyakova N. Yu., Ivanova A. G. Kirpicheva L. F.
Biomorphological and Cytoembriological Characteristics of Genus Eremurus in Premountain of Crimea
The cytoembriological features of Eremurus spectabilis M. B., Eremurus stenophyllus (Boiss. et Buhse) Khorkh., Eremurus olgae Rgl. are established. Reasons of the low seed productivity are exposed: undeveloped of male and female gametophyte, instability of pollination, deformation and low seed germination.

Inyutkina A. G., Yegorova N. A.
The Influence of Certain Factors on Callusogenesis of Artemisia Dracunculus in Vitro
Some peculiarities of callusogenesis of Artemisia dracunculus L. in vitro were researched. The compositions of nutrient medium for long time cultivation of callus, obtained from leaf and steam, have been determined. It was showed the influence of culture medium, genotype and explant type on the growth of callus tissue biomass.

Musatenko L. I., Kabuzenko S. N., Volodkin S. A., Omelchenko A. V.
Effect of Extracts from Algae Cystosiera Barbata on Adaptation of Wheat Plants to the Salt Stress
The use possibility of total phytohormonal extracts of algae Cystosyra barbata for adaptation to salt stress of wheat plants in the early stages of development was investigated. The stimulative effect of 0,1% extract on germination energy, germination and early seedling growth of wheat on saline ground was found.

Gol’din E. B.
Microphytic Algae as the Bioindicators of Environmental Situation in the Capture Places of Marine Mammals
Microphytic algae-vegetation was investigated in the Black Sea dolphinaria (Karadag and Little Utrish), the bioindicative and ecological characteristics, distribution and overgrowing complexes in water basins were revealed.

Gidulyanov A. A., Kaganova N. V.
Features of Adaptive Reactions at the Black Sea Dolphin Bottlenose (Tursiops Truncatus Ponticus) to Conditions of Bondage in Connection with Environmental Problems of Black Sea
Dynamics of changes of blood plasma parameters of the Black Sea dolphin bottlenose at adaptation to conditions of bondage has been investigated. It was revealed, that during adaptation of dolphins to conditions of dwelling in bondage there is a mobilization of power resources of the organism. Also changes in an albuminous exchange were observed.

Makarova H. I., Oturina I. P., Sidyakin A. I.
Applied Aspects of Algae – the Inhabitants of Aquatic Ecosystems
The article presents the current research data of the practical application of microalgae of different taxonomic groups in biotechnological research, medicine, agriculture and other sectors of the economy. The estimation of the availability of microalgae as an object of ecological and biotechnological developments was shown.

GEOECOLOGY

Bagrova L. A., Garkusha L. J.
The Artificial Plantings in Crimea
The artificial forests, wind-break-zones, parks, park-forests are very important for forming high qualities of the natural environment. These functions are supporting the environment parameters and ecological balance that are especially valuable for climatic resort regions. The important role of artificial plantings and special nature protection modes in Crimea are considered.

Kobechinskaya V. G., Oturina I. P., Apostolov V. L., Tomashevskii A. L.
Influence of Pirogenic Factor on Artificial Pine’s Plantation in the Simferopol District
The comparative analysis of proceeding of pine’s plantation in the Simferopol forest-park forestry from 2005 to 2009 years after the upper and lower fires was conducted. The dynamics of quantity of pine-tree regrowth and change of stand’s morphological characteristics were described on the different types of burnt wood. Dependence of survival regrowth in the different age groups from growth conditions was determined.

Parubets O. V.
The Analysis of Climatic Numbers of Crimean Peninsula
The analysis of air mid-annual temperature and mid-annual quantity of the atmospheric precipitation in five meteorological points on peninsula more than for 100 years was made. In work the method of linear regress, a method of sliding average and an approximation method were used. Recurrence was revealed and the forecast of considered meteoindicators was made.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Radchenko V. G., Ivanov S. P., Filatov M. A., Fateryga A. V.
Red Data Book of Ukraine Species of Megachilid-Bees (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae) on the Crimean Map
It was given the data on distribution in Crimea, relative quantity, habitats and bionomical features of four wild bees species of the family Megachilidae recorded in the last edition of Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009): Trachusa pubescens (Morawitz, 1872), Stelis annulata (Lepeletier, 1841), Megachile lefebvrei Lepeletier, 1841 and Megachile giraudi Gerstaecker, 1869. The labels data on all specimens of these species collected in Crimea which kept in collections of Zoological Museum of MSU (Moscow), Zoological Institute of RAS (St. Petersburg), Institute of Zoology of NAS of Ukraine (Kiev), Kharkov Entomological Society (Kharkov) and Vernadskiy Taurida National University (Simferopol) are shown. Possibility of field identification of the species on the basis of well visible characters, degree of its protection and necessity of additional protection measures in Crimea were discussed.

Georgiev G. L., Vasileva M. T.
Characteristics in Definition, Regulation and Management of Bulgarian Protected Areas
Protected areas worldwide represent one of the most efficient tools for biodiversity protection. Unfortunately, the systems of such areas in various countries and continents differ in their scope of extent. Such differentiation in turn causes lots of problems concerning preservation of the existing genetic fund. Based on the IUCN classification (International Union for Conservation of Nature – World Conservation Union, 1994) which defines various categories of protected areas, this paper makes an attempt to review some specific characteristics in defining various categories of protected areas in Bulgaria (National and Nature parks, Reserves and Managed reserves, Nature landmarks and Protected localities), as well as to analyze the existing problems arising in the process of their regulation and management. This paper supports the thesis, that the definition of protected areas should be the starting point for the purpose of their designation. According to IUCN a protected area represents a land territory or aquatory, designated for biodiversity protection and conservation as well as for their natural and cultural values, which are maintained through legislative or other efficient means. This definition encompasses the combination of protected areas and all categories should comply with it. It is necessary to be mentioned that despite the fact that all types of protected areas meet the requirements of this definition, the specific purposes and tasks for which they are proclaimed as protected areas, they have various character. The main purposes of maintenance are the following: naturescientific activities; protection of the original status of nature; conservation of their species and genetic fund; preservation of the environmental functions; protection on natural and cultural sites and landmarks; recreation and tourism; education; long-term use of the natural ecosystems; maintenance of cultural and traditional characteristics. As a result from the basic purposes, combinations and priorities, in accordance with IUCN requirements (1994) the following forms of protection are defined: I. Strict regime of protection – Nature reserves; II. Conservation of ecosystems and organization of tourism and recreational activities – Category National Parks; III. Protection of natural landmarks – Natural monuments; IV. Conservation through management intervention – Protected localities; V. Landscape protection – Protected landscape; VI. Sustainable use of natural ecosystems – Protected areas for the use of their natural resources. The conducted research has found that although Bulgaria has been one of the first countries adopting the IUCN classification (1994), it still needs lots of efforts to comply with all requirements at theoretical and practical level. The latter includes mainly issues concerning regulation, protection as well as management of protected areas.

Potapenko I. L., Letukhova V. Ju.
Parks of Kanak Beams
Detailed studies of Kanak beams parks (Eastern District of Southern Coast of Crimea) has been carried out. Species composition of dendroflora is identified, its systematical, phyto-geographical, biomorphological analysis are made. Found that tree-shrub’s flora of Kanak’s parks includes 89 species and forms. Recommendations for optimizing Kanak parks and other parks in the eastern region of the South Coast are given.

Sukhareva A. O., Oskolska O. I.
Ecological State and Protection Prospects of Nature Complex Chylter (Western Crimea)
In the present paper it was studied and shown distribution of rare plants and animals species in the mountain of Chylter, and also it was discussed possible causes of decreasing of their quantity and possibility of protection of this nature complex for the further conservation of protected species populations.