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Issue 2 (21), 2010

FLORA AND FAUNA

Bagrikova N. A.
The Synantropization of the Crimean Prisivashye Flora
The pecularities of synantropization of the Crimean Prisivashye flora have been examined. It was shown that under high index of synantropization (58,8) flora is characterized by a middle level of antropophytization (index 19,2), preponderance of apophytization process over antropophytization (2,06:1), large number of rare and endangered species. The obtained data shows the high nature-protective potential of the given territory.

Prosyannikova I. B., Movlyan N. P.
Parasitic Micobiota of Large Exposition of Flower-Decorative Cultures of the Botanical Garden of Tauride National V. I. Vernadsky University
As a result of mycological studies for the vegetation seasons 2008–2010 it was found 47 species of 23 genuses of parasitic fungi belonging to four divisions of fungi. Dominative species are the representatives of Ascomycota – 29 species and 14 genuses; minority are representatives of Basidiomycota – 10 species and 4 genuses. Noted that phytotrophic fungi parasitize on representatives of 28 families of Angiosperms, with the greatest number of species of fungi-parasites associated with the family Asteraceae – 17%.

Gol’din E. B.
Epizoitic Algae Vegetation of Bottlenose Dolphins in the Black Sea Dolphinaria
Microphytic algae-vegetation of skin coverings of bottlenose dolphins was investigated in the Black Sea dolphinaria (Karadag and Little Utrish). The localization and seasonal distribution and role of overgrowing complexes in captured marine mammal’s pathology were revealed.

Potapenko I. L.
Arboreal Plants of Aboriginal Flora in Planting of Greenery in the East Region of the South Crimean Coast
Using the ornamental trees and bushes of native flora in planting of greenery in the East Crimean coastal region has been analyzed. The dendrofloral composition of species has been defined, taxonomy structure and botanical geographical distribution of these species have been analyzed. Frequency of the appearance, composition of life forms, ecological and ornamental features of the aboriginal arboreal plants has been analyzed as well. There has been defined that aboriginal arboreal flora of the parks and another green construction zones consists of 83 species belonging to 27 families. Parks and garden structure optimization by native trees and bushes enrichment are proposed.

Budashkin Yu. I., Savchuk V. V.
New Faunal and Bionomic Materials of the Crimean Lepidoptera
The results of 2001–2009 original investigations of Crimean Lepidoptera fauna and bionomy are presented: 11 species are new for the Crimea, 4 species are new for the Ukraine, 1 species – Parapoynx affinialis (Guenee, 1854) – a new for Europe. For 51 species of Lepidoptera the new host plants are given (for two species – for the first time). For 29 species of Lepidoptera the early unknown annual development cycle peculiarity are given.

BIOCENOLOGY AND SPECIES

Kobechinskaya V. G., Svolynskiy A. D., Svolynskiy M. D., Kapitonov V. V.
Leading Anthropogenic Factors in Damaging Stability of Yalta Forest-Mountain Natural Preserve Ecosystem
The changes of structure of forest phytocoenosis of the Yalta Forest-Mountain Natural Preserve were revealed with taking into consideration the different forms of anthropogenic influence. Consequences of different factors influence (recreation, fires) in comparison time aspect were shown. This data allows to predict the changes in ecosystems and serve as a basis for their long-term monitoring.

Simagina N. O., Lysyakova N. Yu.
Influence of Allelopathic Interactions on Lignification of Anatomic Structures of Annual Halophytes
It was established that the intensive lignification of conducting and mechanical tissues of plantsacceptors occures under influence of allelopathic factor. The functions of compartmentation and detoxication of allelopathic active substances of idioblusts were revealed. Quantity of them in tissues of plant-acceptor of Salicornia europaea L. changes proportionally to tension of allelopathic constituent of the phytogenous field of plants-donors of allelopathic active substances.

Oturina I. P., Makarova H. I., Sidyakin A. I.
Peculiarities of the Dynamics of Photosynthetic Pigments and Biomass Accumulation by Microalgae Scenedesmus sp. – Representative of Mikroalgoflory Freshwater Ecosystems
The article presents the results of correlation analysis between the content of photosynthetic pigments and biomass of microalgae Scenedesmus sp. in conditions of accumulation culturing. It was shown that the concentration of chlorophylls and carotenoids in cells of Scenedesmus sр. under periodic cultivation varies unlinearly.

Hablak S. G., Abdullaeva J. A.
The Root System of Arabidopsis Thaliana Wild Type Race Landsberg
The features of the structure of the root system of race Landsberg Arabidopsis thaliana were studied. It was shown that the ecotype Landsberg formed mixed root system, which combines a system main root system and adventitious roots.

Nikolenko V. V., Kotov, S. F.
Methods of Determining the Leaf Area of Decorative Varieties of Strawberries
Methods for determining leaf area ornamental varieties of strawberries Lipstik and Pink-Panda are described. The article presents the results of calculations of conversion factors for determine the assimilation area of the studied cultivars. We propose a formula for determining the leaf area of strawberries.

Pachomov A. Y., Kunach O. N., Konovalova T. M., Zhukov A. V.
The Spatial Organization of the Mound System of the Mole Rats Spalax Microphthalmus
The results of the investigation of the digging activity effect of the mole rats on the soil spatial heterogeneity have been presented. The GIS-technology has been shown as being effective instrument for assessment of the pedoturbation activity influence for creation of the heterogeneity of the soil cover. The mammalian mound spatial distribution has been revealed to be explained effectively by means of Ripley function. It has been found that within investigated polygon the mound distribution is uniform within the scale from 0 to 0,7 m. If scale is more than 0,7 m the distribution is random. The digging activity of the mole rats has been proofed as important factor of the mosaic structure formation of the soil cover.

Antonets N. V.
Resources of the Beaver Populations and its Reproduction in Dnipropetrovsk Region
In this article was studied conditions existence resource aboriginal beaver populations in Dnipropetrovsk Region. From monitoring (at the 1991) the beaver populations in Dnipropetrovsk Region and Dnipro-Orel’s Natural Reserve was determined, that in Dnіpro river and its tributaries inhabit southern marginal population of river beaver, which consist from 6 isolated colonies with common number by 100 individuals. Be the result happen gradually increase number this species. For improve of condition resource the beaver populations in Dnipropetrovsk Region was preposition increase area Natural Reserve, make clean flood lands arm, carry out settle beavers and organize 2 flood lands beaver preserve.

Ivanov S. P., Kobetskaya M. A.
Larval Growth of Wild Bees Hoplitis Manicata and Osmia Cornuta (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae) under Condition of Excess Feed
Growing bee larvae H. manicata in excess of provisions leads to an increase in individual weight of males and females by an average of 18–23%. Larvae females O. cornuta increase their mass of an average of 20%, and larvae males – 51%. Under natural conditions females H. manicata and O. cornuta store less provisions (on average 20%) in the cells than larvae can eat. According to the risen hypothesis the underfeeding strategy of females has an explanation with: 1) Time saving for foraging works, 2) More rational use of provisions, 3) Support of proper sanitary conditions in the nests that are incompatible with the presence in them of food debris. Presumably, unusually high percentage (51%) of male cell underprovisioning of the species O. cornuta is connected with the peculiarities of the biology of these bee species and originality of the ethological mechanism of sex ratio regulation in certain nests and the population as a whole. Despite the fact that the studied wild bee species belong to different trophic groups, the efficiency of food resources assimilation of these species is identical and is 43.6%. The monolect species H. manicata has 2 times smaller mass of feces comparing with the polylect species O. cornuta and a big investment of resources in a cocoon of O. cornuta.

Ostroglyad A. N.
About Possibility of Reproduction of Carpathian Race of the Melliferous Bee (Apis Mellifera Carpatica) in the Conditions of the Isolated Apiary in Foothill Crimea
In article features of reproduction of melliferous bees carpatian race in the Bachchisarai area on an example of the most isolated apiary of this area are considered. The impossibility of achievement of necessary level of isolation for reproduction of thoroughbred families was established.

Onchurov M. V.
Comparative Study of Orb-Weaving Spiders (Aranei, Araneidae) in Crimea
For evaluation of special specifity of building instinct webs of four orb-weaving spider species: Cyclosa sierrae Simon, 1870, Agalenatea redii (Scopoli, 1763), Araneus circe (Savigny et Audouin, 1826) and Araneus angulatus Clerck, 1758 were compared. Formal diagnosis and schematic drawing of catching webs of these species is given.

Slavgorodskaya-Kurpiyeva L. Ye., Sizykh L. M.
San Jose Scale, Quadraspidiotus Perniciosus (Homoptera, Diaspididae) in the Gardens of the Crimean Foothills and Modern Remedy Limiting its Harmfulness
The results of the investigation, limiting the quantity San Jose scale by ecologically pure Admiral remedy are given. The remedy helps to regulate the quantity of the pest up to minimum level with one time usage.

Ryeznik E. P., Popov V. N.
Perspective of Snails (Helicidae) Breeding in terms of Farming in Crimea
Project describes mollusk collecting in nature, their keeping, feeding and breeding in terms of farming in Crimea. Established the most favorable conditions for snail reproduction in terms of farming.

Nikolskaya V. A.
Effect of Oxidative Stress in vitro on the Oxidative Modification of Proteins and the Level of Molecules, the Average Weight in the Serum of Representatives Amphibia and Mammalia
The investigation of biochemical parameters of blood serum of Rana ridibunda Pallas, 1771 (Amphibia) and Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 (Mammalia) under oxidative stress is conducted. The differences in the content of products of oxidative modification of proteins and the level of molecules, of the average weight in the serum is established. This effect growing under the influence of oxidative stress, initiated by the Fenton’s environment.

GEOECOLOGY

Mykhailov V. A.
Cartographic Model of Zonal Landscapes of Crimean Peninsula
The structure of zonal landscapes of the Crimean peninsula is specified in accordance with classification of A. G. Isachenko. On the basis of fact data the map of zonal landscapes is built, which are selected in obedience to the criteria of warm maintenance and moistening.

Shpanev A. M.
Experimental Station of Dokuchaev Research Institute as Model for Studying of the Ecosystem of the Agrolandscape Kamennaya Steppe
The high generality of specific structure agrocenosis allows to consider territory of a experimental station of Dokuchaev research institute uniform complete with high degree of self-control by an agroecosystem, characteristic to an agrolandscape of Kamennaya steppe. In a agroecosystem experimental station are allocated large agrocenosis complexes an agrobiocenosis winter grain (wheat, triticale and a rye), an agrobiocenosis summer grain (barley, wheat and triticale), and also agrobiocenoses of peas, corn, millet, a buckwheat, a soya. Results of researches allow to approach to working out of technologies of fytosanitory improvement of agroecosystems at higher agrolandscape level.

Bozhko K. M., Bilova N. A.
Soil and Geobotanical Characteristic as well as Micromorphological Characteristics of Soil in the Ecosystem «Kapitanivskyi Unhomogeneous Forest in the Baulk» on the Example of Slope of the Northern Exposition and the Thalweg of the Unhomogeneous Forest
The article gives the results of geobotanical researches into the northern part of unhomogeneous forest in the baulk in the south-eastern Ukraine. The article also reveals the pecularities of macro and micromorphological soil-formation of three test sections situated on the northern slope and in the thalweg of the unhomogeneous forest. The physical characteristics (aggregate composition and water resistance of structural aggregate) were analysed and the main soil formation processes were found out in the article.

Ibragimova E. E.
Estimation of Consequences of Aerotechnogenic Pollutions of an Environment by Emissions of Motor Transport by them Gamethocide Influence on Higher Plants
The influence of aerotechnogenic pollutantions on mans generative sphere of perennial arboreal plants, growing the along highways, with the various intensive traffic was searched. The lowered fertile pollen production of the considered plants is revealed. According to the survey results ecological classification of plants by the degree of their sensitivity and tolerance to the aerotechnogenic pollutants is offered.

Emirova D. E., Balichiyeva D. V. Ibragimova E. E.
Parameter of Sterility of Mail Zea Mays Gametophyte as Palynotoxic Influence Xenobiotics Criterion
Influence of different concentrations of DNOC on the generative system of Z. mays was investigated. It is set that low concentrations (2 and 4 g/l) do not possess a palynotoxic effect. High concentrations (8 and 16 g/l) the medium toxic made influence on the generative organs of Z. mays, bringing to the reliable increase of products of sterile pollen.