Main

Web-sait TNU

Editorial Board

Registration Certificate

Current Issue

Archive

Rules of preparation of the article

Contacts

Archive

Issue 3 (22), 2010

FLORA AND FAUNA

Rudenko M. I.
Analysis of Flora of Higher Vascular Plants of the Crimean Nature Reserve
The article is devoted to the results of study of flora of Crimean natural reserve. The compendium of higher vascular plants, including 1357 species from 535 genera of 114 families has been given. The systematic, arealogical and biomorphological structure of flora have been analyzed. The rare component is exposed 107 taxa, having guard RDB status and 57 Crimean endemics.

Fateryga V. V.
The Ecological - Biological Structure of the High Juniper Forests’ Flora of the Crimean South Coast under Condition of Recreational Influence
Ecological-biological structure of the high juniper forests’ flora was studied under condition of recreational influence. It was established that the systematic structure, arealogical, ecological ones (water and light) and some characters of biomorphological structure (root system depth and mode of vegetation) are sensitive to recreational press.

Bagrikova N. A.
Alien Species in Segetal Communities of the Crimea
The arealogical structure of 48 associaties has been given and the peculiarities of adventization of flora in weed communities of main agricultural crops of the Crimean peninsula have been examined. The distinctive peculiarity is the average index of adventization of flora (25%) in communities of annual and perennial cultures of the Crimea, predominance of archaeophytes (according to the time of immigration) epoecophytes (according to the level of naturalization).

Sarkina I. S.
Macromycetes (Basidiomycetes: Russulaceae) of Beech Forests of the Mountainous Crimea
In the article the many-years original and literature data about fungi of the family Russulaceae, found in the warm periods 1997–2010 during route inspections of the beech forests of the mountainous Crimea have been summarized. The full list of known in present time species and their brief ecological-biological characteristic has been given; rare and preserved species have been pointed out.

iselyova G. A., Kolova K. A., Molchanova Y. W.
Polychaeta in the Tangle of the Algae on the Aquatorium of Karadag
A distributing of Polychaeta in the tangle of algae on the depth 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 m the Karadag off-shore water for the period 2003–2009 is presented. 37 species Polychaeta from 7 Order, 15 Family is register. Among the taxonomic groups Nereidae is dominated and among the trophc – detritophages and polyphages.

Budashkin Yu. I., Savchuk V. V.
Additions to Fauna and Bionomy of the Crimean Lepidoptera
The results of 20052010 original investigations of Crimean Lepidoptera fauna and bionomy are presented: 15 species are new for the Crimea, 7 species are new for the Ukraine, 2 species Argyresthia juniperivorella Kuznetzov, 1958 and Conobathra celticola (Staudinger, 1879) are new for Europe. Adaina microdactyla Hubner, [1813]), Pyrgus carthami (Hubner, [1813]), Pyrgus alveus (Hubner, [1803]) and Colias hyale (Linnaeus, 1758) are excepted from Crimean Lepidoptera faunal list, as a result Hellinsia osteodactyla (Zeller, 1841), Pyrgus serratulae (Rambur, 1839), Pyrgus armoricanus (Oberthur, 1910) and Colias alfacariensis (Ribbe, 1905) early misidentification. For 40 species of Lepidoptera the new host plants are given. For 32 species of Lepidoptera the early unknown annual development cycle peculiarity are given.

Karolinskiy E. O., Savchuk V. V.
New Records of Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) in Kharkov Region, Ukraine
We present four species of butterflies (Pyrgus armoricanus Ob., Colias alfacariensis Ribbe, Cupido osiris Meig., Coenonympha tullia Mull.) that are new for the fauna of Kharkov region, and some other interesting findings (second locality of Agriades pyrenaicus ergane Higgins in Ukraine, etc.).

Nuzhna A. D.
Ichneumonidae of the Subfamily Anomaloninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) in the Crimean Fauna
The checklist of Ichneumonidae of the subfamily Anomaloninae known in the fauna of Crimea is given.It is based on collection of Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology National Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.

Bednarskaya Ye. V.
Ecological - Faunistic Features of Communities of Predatory Prostigmatic Mites in Karstic Cavities of Mountain Crimea
The basic ecological-faunistic features of communities of predatory prostigmatic mites major karst areas of the Mountain Crimea are considered in the article. The highest taxonomic and species richness the lowest level of the typical character of the fauna differs Demerdji karst array. Second of all investigated the ecological-faunistic indicators is Ay-Petri karst array, but its fauna is a genericity. Close to the main indicators are Chatyrdag and Karabi karst massifs. Low values of basic ecological-faunistic indicators characteristic for communities Dolgorukovskaya yaila.

BIOCENOLOGY AND SPECIES

Kotov S. F.
The Influence of Density on Vitality, Growth and Size Structure Halimione Pedunculata
The influence of density in coenopopulation of Halimione pedunculata.are established. The increase of density reduces the vitality and growth of Halimione pedunculata. Size structure of population are constant during the vegetation period.

Chmeleva S. I., Shirina A. O., Markevich L. E.
Optimization of the Nutrient Medium for Reception Callus of Cultures of the Common Oleander (Nerium Oleander)
Features of callus induction in the culture of the vegetative organs of common oleander have been investigated. Selected Murashige and Skug nutrient media modifed for obtaining and passage of callus cultures.

Nikolenko V. V.
The Structure of the Inflorescence Ornamental Varieties of the Genus Fragaria
The article studies the structural organization of generative shoots of decorative varieties of strawberries. It is shown that for the studied varieties are the most typical cymose dichasium inflorescence, but also occur monochasium and pleiochasium. Based on the number of orders secondary axes and length gipopodium two types of inflorescence, characteristic for different groups of varieties of strawberries have been identified.

Korolyova A. V., Zalevskaya I. N.
The Leaning Particularities of the Muscle and Liver Protein Composition of Scorpion - Fishs from the Bays with Different Level of Antropogenical Influence
The protein composition of the muscles tissue of scorpion-fish (Scorpaena porcus), which was taken from Sevastopols bays with different level of pollution, was studied using the electrophoretic method in polyakryamid gel. The differences between electrophoretic muscles and livers protein spectres of the fishes from the bays with different antropogenic pressing were obtained. These differences were shown in changing of the electrophoretic mobility, in distribution of the protein fraction by electrophoretic zones and in their heterogenic. The qualitative characteristics are confirmed by statistical analyses. The learning particularities of the electrophoretic spectres muscles protein may be used for estimation of the influence antropogenical factors to the water organisms.

Ivanov S. P., Kobeckaia M. A.
Larval Growth of Wild Bees Hoplitis Manicata and Osmia Cornuta (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae) in Conditions of Excess of Artificial Feed
Bee larvae of H. manicata and O. cornuta were grown on artificial loafs of extra mass. Artificial loafs are made out of the mixture of sugar syrup (balanced mixture of glucose and fructose) and dry pollen loads of honey-bees milled in a mixer. The considerable number (40% O. cornuta, 71% H. manicata) of larvae had died before their development finished. The percentage of larvae deaths was higher among larvae which have been replaced on the artificial feed in the later stages of development. Increase of dead bees number is registered among individuals grown on excess of natural feed (10% O. cornuta, 40% H. manicata). Individuals of H. manicata grown on artificial loafs of extra mass have smaller (by 68%) mass than individuals grown on natural loafs, and individuals of O. cornuta bigger (by 8% among female and 23% among male). Individuals O. cornuta grown on excess feed leave their cocoons earlier, and individuals H. manicata later than bees control set.

Ryeznik E. P., Kalinovsky P. S.
Expansion Characteristics and Species Description of Helicidae Mollusk Family on the Territory of Karadag Nature Reserve
Examined particular qualities of expansion Helicidae mollusk family on the territory of Karadag Nature Reserve. Preliminary estimation of its regional allocation. It is established that morphological variability in the terms of absence of man-induced influence is strongly marked and trace tendency of increasing conchiologic indexes and life span of mollusks of all researched species.

GEOECOLOGY

Georgiev G. L., Madgerova R. H.
Prerequisites for Development of the Small and Medium - Sized Businesses in Green Tourism within the Context of Sustainability
The idea of the sustainable development was created as an alternative of the deepening ecologic crisis for the last few decades. It was shaped in the 70-ties of the twentieth century, implying three interrelated dimensions environmental, economic and social sustainability. Following the UN policy concerning sustainable development, the World Tourism Organization (WTO) made serious efforts toward systematization of the theoretical knowledge about tourism sustainability. The measures were aimed to encourage the development of sustainable tourism. This paper makes an attempt to trace back the evolution of the terms sustainable tourism, alternative forms of tourism, rural and ecotourism. It also gives reasons for the introduction of the term green tourism as well as the necessity for development of this form of tourism in the context of sustainability. The green tourism is a tourism of the small and medium-sized enterprises. With regard to that the role of the small and medium-sized businesses as well as their prerequisites for development in the scope of green tourism have been under observation. There have been used the results from survey inquiries which service as a basis to make conclusions about the main prerequisites for development of the small and medium-sized business in green tourism, which include their economic, managerial and ecological aspects.

Parubets O. V.
Managing System as a Factor of Transformation of Physical and Geographical Processes in Crimea in XX-XXI Centuries
The social and economic development stages of management system in Crimea for the last 150 years are defined and described in the article. The analysis of management system influence on transformation of the physical and geographical processes for considered period is given.

Smirnova I. A.
Accumulation of Heavy Metals in the Organism of Wolf (Canis Lupus) Anthropogenous Transformed Biogeocenosis in the Southeast of Ukraine
In article results of the analysis of the contents of heavy metals in internal bodies and a muscules of wolves living on territories with a high degree of anthropogenous influence are resulted. For the first time for Ukraine age and sexual variability in distinction of accumulation and distribution of heavy metals on bodies and tissue Canis lupus is revealed. The probable sources promoting accumulation of heavy metals in an organism of the wolf are analysed.

ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

Fateryga A. V., Ivanov S. P.
Redbook - Species of Diplopterous Wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) on the Crimean Map

It was given the data on distribution in Crimea, relative quantity, habitats and bionomical features of five solitary diplopterous wasps species of the family Vespidae recorded in the last edition of Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009): Celonites abbreviatus tauricus Kostylev, 1935, Discoelius zonalis (Panzer, 1801), Paravespa rex Schulthess, 1923, Onychopterocheilus pallasii Klug, 1805 and Eumenes tripunctatus (Christ, 1791). It was given the labels data on all specimens of these species which are deposited in collections of Zoological Museum of MSU (Moscow), Zoological Institute of RAS (St. Petersburg), Institute of Zoology of NASU (Kiev), Kharkov Entomological Society (Kharkov), Vernadskiy Taurida National University (Simferopol), Odessa State Zoo (Odessa) and private collections. Possibility of field identification of the species on the basis of well visible characters, degree of its protection and necessity of additional protection measures in Crimea were discussed.