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Issue 4 (23), 2011

FLORA AND FAUNA

Bagrikova N. O.
Analysis of Adventive Fraction of Flora of Natural Reserves of the Kerch Peninsula (Crimea)
The results of comparative analysis of adventive fraction according to the period immigration, degree of naturalization, origin of flora in natural reserves on Kerch peninsula have been given in the article. Flora of the Opuk reserve includes 24 (5,3%) alien species of higher vascular plants, Kazantip reserve – 64 (10,3%) spesies. The peculiarities of structure of adventive element have been determined: the domination of archaeophytes (62–71%), epoecophytes (67–81%). The largest differences have been found in the origin of alien species.

Budashkin Yu. I., Pusanov D. V.
New Knowledge on Crimean Coleophoridae Fauna and Bionomy (Lepidoptera)
The results of original faunal and bionomic investigations on Crimean Coleophoridae (Lepidoptera) are given: 21 species of Coleophoridae are founded for the first time in Crimea, 13 species of Coleophoridae are founded for the first time in Ukraine. For 3 Coleophoridae-species the new host plants are given, for 4 Coleophoridae-species the complete scheme of Crimean annual development cycle are given.

Kostin S. Yu.
The Arealogical Analysis of Avifauna of the Mountain Crimea
The results of arealogical analysis of avifauna of the Mountain Crimea have been given. Six types, sixteen subtypes and sixteen classes of areals have been determined. It is shown, that it consist mainly from widely spread species – cosmopolit, golact, cyrcum-palearct, Europe-Asia-Africa-Indomalasian and Europe- Asia-Africa-Australian groups. A specific signs have been determined at the base of analysis of nesting fauna of mountain-forest part of region. It is mainly presented by Western palearctic species with small participation of the Asiatic faunistic element.

BIOCENOLOGY AND SPECIES

Ostroglyad A. N., Ivashov А. V.
The Artificial Breeding of the Drones for the Purebred Reproduction of Bees in the Conditions of the Unisolated Apiary
The article is devoted to some aspects of the beekeeping such as pure breeding of bee colonies in conditions of the unisolated area. It is shown that the artificial breeding of drones is the way to provide the reproduction of the pure Carpathian bee bred. The efficiency of this method in the conditions of Bakhchisaray district is shown.

Vakhrusheva L. P., Burlaka D. V.
Age Structure Coenopopulation of Colchicum Ancyrense in Petrophyte Steppe of Krasnogvardeyskyi Region in Crimea
The morphological criteria which using for identification of age stages on Colchicum ancyrense are revealed. Age spectrums and their dynamics were analyzed (on during 2005 and 2009 years).

Baglaeva L. Yu.
Dynamics of Seed Microbiocenosis of Clary (Salvia Sclarea) at the Prolonged Storage
Quantitative composition of seed microbiocenosis of clary were studied for several years harvest. The list of species micromycets-epiphytes was set. It was shown that there was an appropriate change of micoflora seed structure during a long-term storage, the part of conditionally-pathogenic microorganisms decreased.

Hablak S. G., Abdullaevа J. A.
The Modification Changeability of Root Development in Arabidopsis Thaliana
The morphogenesis of measles in A. thaliana in ontogeny was studied. The formation of the root system of A. thaliana in ontogeny is a range of development options. On the basis of differences in the processes of formation of the root system proposed 6 types of development.

Shevchenko S. V., Teplitskaya L. M.
Some Features of Embryology of Orchids Cephalanthera Damasonium and Dactylorhiza Romana
The results of studying the development of generative structures of two species of the family Orchidaceae – Cephalanthera damasonium and Dactylorhiza romana are represented in connection with problems in developing methods for rapid propagation, introduction to the culture and the creation of gene banks to preserve the gene pool.

Pichugin V. S.
Distribution of Scutellaria Orientalis in the Crimea
Position of the endemic Crimean species Scutellaria orientalis L. was studied within the Crimea. The description of places of localization and the places of disappearance of S. orientalis are marked. The types of landscape in limits of population distribution were indicated.

Komisarova M. S.
The Structure of the Rapana Venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) Local Populations on the Sand Substrate of the Crimea Shelf Area
The Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) local poplation on the sandy ground of the Black sea was examined. The male are bigger than female and dominate on the higher age group in all investigated population. The age and sex structure on the same substrate type are determined by the food supply and the fisheries rate. No relation between the ivasion extensiveness of the Piona vastifica (Hancock, 1849) and the rapana sex or the substrate type were found.

Razumeiko V. N., Ivashov A. V.
Features of the Distribution Mosquito Anopheles Complex in the River Basin Salgir
We consider the habitat distribution of mosquito complex Anopheles maculipennis in the river basin Salgir in different landscape-climatic zones of the Crimea, described the main features of their biology and ecology, epidemiological significance.

Ivanov S. P., Kobetskaya M. A.
The Composition of Nests and Sex Ratio in the Offspring of Wild Bees, Heriades Crenulatus (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae)
The composition of nests of Heriades crenulatus wild bees, which were bred artificially in Fabre hives, is studied. The nests of Heriades crenulatus contain from 2 to 18 cells. The sex ratio in individual nests varies widely – from the overall predominance of females to the complete dominance of males. The proportion of females in the offspring of the given season is determined by the abundance of food supply and may also vary widely – from 30 to 60%. The females proportion decreases with abundant food supply, and increases with the poor one. The mechanism of sex ratio determination acts on the basis of a constant average number of females in nests and increasing (or decreasing) average total number of cells in nests depending on the abundance of food supply. The biological sense of the identified mechanism of sex ratio determination in the bee offspring are discussed.

Antonets N. V.
Peculiarity of phenotypicaly modification of the vole (Microtus levis) in Dnipro- Оrel’s Natural Reserve
For the first time it was investigated the pratal vole (Microtus levis Miller, 1908) – morfometric parameters, indexis and pecularity ecology. In this article the question of phenotipic changeable of pratal vole in Dnipro-Оrel’s Natural Reserve (flud lends area and sandy steppe biotop’s) was conducted. The fenotipic changeable of pratal vole was demonstrated. It was determined that have smaller parameters that at sandy steppe biotops The middle perennial quantity of micromammals from flood lands are in 3.5 times higher than at sandy steppe.

Gol’din E. B., Gol’dina V. G.
Ecological and Biological Importance of Terpenes and their Practical Using: Methodological Aspects
Biocidal activity of terpene compounds was analysed on the basis of results of long-term investigations. The methodological foundation of terpene research was designed, including their isolation, identification and testing.

Zhurba R. G., Zhurba A. G., Simchuk A. P.
Validation of the Method for Quantitative Detection of the Genetically Modified Materials from Plants
In the article the method of universal quantification of GMO on the basis of multiplex test systems was described, the estimation of reproducibility of the method was conducted, ways of calculation and possible areas of application were proposed.

Loloyko A. A., Petrishyna N. N., Nevkrytaja N. V., Marchenko M. P.
Features of Biosynthesis of Essential Oil in Seed Posterity of a Wormwood Tarragon (Artemisia Dracunculus)
In article represent features of accumulation of components of essential oil in seed posterity of a wormwood (Artemisia dracunculus) of various geographical regions.

Nikolskaya V. A.
Influence of Oxidizing Stress in Vitro on the Rate of Molecules of the Middle Weight in the Blood Serum and Erythrocyte’s Gemolizate in Sus Scrofa
Research results testify to the reliable changes of maintenance of molecules of the average weight in the serum of blood and erythrocyte’s gemolizate of Sus scrofa (Mammalia) in the conditions of oxidative stress of different level of intensity.

Shibko A. N., Aksenov Yu. V.
The Dynamics of the Essential Oil Accumulation and its Component Composition Variability in Hyssopus Officinalis during the Day under the Conditions of the Crimean Premountains
The question of variability of the mass part of essential oil and its component composition in H. officinalis during the day has been observed. The influence of the air temperature (r = 0,90254) and humidity (r = 0,39617) on the essential oil’s accumulation during the day has been determined. It has been shown that component composition of the essential oil changes insignificantly.

GEOECOLOGY

Mamchuk I. V.
The Formation Management of Ecological Safety of the Chemical Industry in the Restructuring Process
In the article the organizational and economic mechanism for the management of ecological safety of the chemical industry in the restructuring process are presented.

Rusev I. T.
Pesticide DDT as Provocative Factor of Activation Ecosystem of Natural Foci of Tularemia on Biriuchii Island
In November 1961 on island Biriuchii (Kherson oblast of Ukraine) first case of tularemia among the here (Lepus europaeus, Pallas, 1778) began. After that case bacteria of tularemia was found every next years. Against ticks and carrier of infection – rodents in 1964 was organized experiment using of 10% of DDT. In 1965 year all island – 8000 ha – was chemically treat by 10% DDT from airplane (30 kg per 1 ha). After full treat of the island in 1966–1967 years number of rodents start quickly to increase, first of all House mous (Mus musculus, Linnaeus, 1758) and Common vole (Microtus arvalis, Pallаs, 1779). Huge amount of DDT was not decrease spread of tularemia as previously was predicted by epidemiologist, but instead that, this chemical pesticide treat stimulate increasing number of carrier and vector of bacteria and activity of natural foci of tularemia.

Gorbunov R. V.
Native Dissymmetry of the Local Slope Landscape Complexes
In the article the classification of dissymmetry of the local slope landscapes is considered. The concept of the native (inner) dissymmetry of the landscapes contour is proposed. Process research methods are shown through the lenses of the analysis of the inner dissymmetry.

Potyomkina N. V.
Complete Investigation of Central City Park of Bielogorsk
Landscape, architectural planning of territory were analyzed. The history, climate, soil, biodiversity and structure of green plantations, organization of public services were studied. Suggestions for improvement of the park were recommended.

ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

Chalyavina S. V., Maslov I. I.
Rare and Vanishing Species of Water and Littoral Plants in the Collection of V. I. Vernadsky Taurida National University Botanical Garden
List of rare and vanishing water and littoral plants species in the collection of V. I. Vernadsky Taurida National University Botanical garden is presented.

HISTORY OF SCIENCE

Mishnev V. G.
About Dark Pages in History of Russian Biology (1930–1980)
In the article the state of soviet biological science in the period of «Lysenkivschina» in 30–70 years of XX century was considered. The reasons of arising of such direction and consequence of its domination for biological science and destiny of scientist biologist are discussed.