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Issue 8 (27), 2013

FLORA AND FAUNA

Sadogursky S. Ye., Sadogurskya S. A.
Phytobenthos in the Area of the Cape Khrony (Azov Sea - Kerch Strait): its Modern State and the Ways of Preservation
Data about spatial distribution, qualitive and quantitive composition of phytobenthos in the area of the cape Khrony (Osovinskaya Steppe; Priority Area of Conservation Importance in Crimea 21) have been given. It has been registrated 34 species of macrophytes (Magnoliophyta 1, Chlorophyta 17, Phaeophyta 4, Rhodophyta 12). Among them 1 species was included in Appendix I of the Bern Convention, 2 species in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 3 species in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, 2 species in the Black Sea Red Data Book and 4 species in the Black Sea Red Data List. Percursaria percursa (C. Agardh) Rosenv. was indicated for the first time for the Azov Sea. Coastal habitats need strictly protection according to EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC). Recommendations for optimization of the Nature Reserve Fond have been given.

Dzunenko E. A., Prosyannikova I. B.
Phytotrophic Obligate Parasitic Micromycetes of the Natural Reserve “Levadki”
As the result of mycological research during the growing seasons 20092011 34 species of obligate parasitic fungi belonging to 14 genera and related to 3 divisions of fungi were discovered in the natural reserve Levadki of Simferopol district in the Crimea. The parasitic fungi of higher plants are identified on 7 species of host plants which are new for the Crimea, as the following: 1 is new for the piedmont Crimea, 2 are new for the Crimea and 4 species are registered for the first time in Ukraine. One species of parasitic fungus new for the Crimea and 5 species new for the piedmont Crimea are found. The phytotrophic micromycetes are registered on the representatives of 26 families of angiosperms, with the greatest number of fungal species refers to the family Rosaceae and Asteraceae 4 species for each, representing 24% of the total quantity of species of parasitic fungi.

Fateryga A. V., Svirin S. A., Fateryga V. V., Shiyan N. M.
New Finding of Blackstonia Perfoliata (Gentianaceae) in the Crimea
New finding of Blackstonia perfoliata (L.) Huds. (Gentianaceae) which was formerly regarded as extinct species in Ukraine is reported from the new locality in Baydarskaya Valley (the Crimea). The data on the amount of discovered plants and collected herbarium specimens are provided. The measures for the conservation of this species in the Crimea are discussed.

Balashov I. A., Kobzar L. I.
Terrestrial Molluscs (Gastropoda) of Polesian Nature Reserve and Surrounding Territories (Northern Ukraine), their Conservation and Role as Bioindicators
In the Polesian Nature Reserve and its vicinities 39 species of the terrestrial molluscs were registered. Only 17 of them are occurred in the reserve itself and its protection zone. Most of the species, including rare ones, were collected to the south from reserve in the oak and alder forests of Slovechansko-Ovrutsky Ridge and in Pojaskovskij forest. There are no well-preserved oak and alder forests in Polesian Reserve, in this reason there are no rare forest molluscs species. In Pojaskovskij forest small reserve there is an almost virgin ancient oak forest in the similar abiotic conditions as two other studied oak forests in several kilometers. A comparing of molluscs species composition in these forests is show which species cant endure intensive forestry activity and can be used as bioindicators in central Polesie. On the some plots of Polesian Reserve decrease of molluscs species compostion seems to be related with bog reclamation and melioration in adjacent to reserve area. Problems of Polesian Reserve protection control and extension are discussed.

Budashkin Yu. I., Savchuk V. V.
The Third Addition to Fauna and Bionomy of the Crimean Moths (Lepidoptera)
The results of 19852012 original investigations of Crimean Lepidoptera fauna and bionomy are presented: 6 species are new for the Crimea, 4 species are new for Ukraine. Klinzigedia wockeella (Zeller, 1849), Oegoconia deluccai Amsel, 1952 and Pyralis regalis Denis & Schiffermuller 1775 are excepted from Crimean Lepidoptera faunal list, as a result K. onopordiella (Zeller, 1849), O. huemeri Sutter, 2007 and P. kacheticalis (Christoph, 1893) early misidentification. For 26 species of Lepidoptera the new host plants are given. For 22 species of Lepidoptera the early unknown annual development cycle peculiarity are given.

Fateryga A. V., Ivanov S. P., Filatov M. A.
Stelis Aculeata – a Cleptoparasitic Bee Species New for the Fauna of Europe and New Findings of its Presumable Host, Hoplitis Princeps (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in the Crimea
Stelis aculeata is reported from the Crimea as a new species for the fauna of Ukraine and Europe; 18 specimens of this bee species have been collected at the sand spit of Donuzlav Lake. Another rare bee species, Hoplitis princeps have been discovered (4 specimens) at the same habitat on the flowers of its forage plant Astragalus varius subsp. eupatoricus. Stelis aculeata is regarded as a presumable cleptoparasite of H. princeps. The importance of psammophytic communities for the conservation of bee and wasp fauna in the Crimea and particularly for such rare species as H. princeps and S. aculeata is discussed.

BIOCENOLOGY AND SPECIES

Simchuk A. P.
Ecological - Genetic Approach to Plant Defense in Agriculture
The proposed ecological-genetic approach to the plant protection from pests in the agricultural sector based on the selection for decreasing pest damage by pre-split seed on fitness in a given environment. Thus, the strategy of the proposed method directed to no elimination of the pests, but to their adaptation to specially established and constantly reproduced group of nonadapted plants.

Kozyr M. S.
Forest Vegetation of «Lysa Gora» Natural Landmark (Kyiv)
In this paper contains a description of the forest vegetation of Lysa Gora natural landmark, given syntaxonomic scheme which has 2 classes, 3 orders, 3 unions and 4 associations. Also was given phytocoenotic characteristic of plant communities was given. Besides, the anthropogenic factors which influencing on vegetation of the natural landmark were detected ant their action was explained.

Kucher E. N.
The Plasticity of Morphometric Parameters in the Populations of Dactylorhiza Romana (Orchidaceae)
These are results of investigation of variability and plasticity of metric and allometric parameters in the populations of Dactylorhiza romana, witch are located on the territory of the Crimean Mountains.

Letukhova V. Ju.
The Population State of the Rare Protected Species Crataegus Pojarkovae Kossych in the Karadag Nature Reserve
The results of regular monitoring studies of rare protected species Crataegus pojarkovae Kossych in Karadag Nature Reserve are given. The quantity of the population was counted, its distribution in ecotops was shown. The estimation of the phytosanitary condition of individual trees as well as the whole population was given. Productivity of C. pojarkovae trees in 2012 was marked, the influence of different factors on the fruiting was analyzed.

Yegorova N. A., Stavtzeva I. V.
Biotechnological Methods of Obtaining Sage Forms Resistant to Osmotic Stress in Vitro
The peculiarities of osmotic stress effect on the development of embryoculture f sage (Salvia sclarea L.) were investigated. The dependence between cultivars drought tolerance and different characteristic of zygotic embryo development in vitro have been detected. The sublethal concentrations of mannite and NaCl in the nutrient medium have been determined, and resistant to stress forms of sage have been selected.

Simchuk A. P.
Fitness of the Parasitoid Phaeogenes Invisor Depends on Phenotype of Oak Leaf Roller and Genotype of its Fodder Plant
Body size and development rate variations in the parasitoids Phaeogenes invisor Thunb. (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) were studied in dependence on their intraspecies genetic heterogeneity as well as on genetic heterogeneities in their host insect (Tortrix viridana L.) and its fodder plant (Quercus pubescens Willd.). Application of ANOVA procedure allowed detecting those parts of the parasitoid body size and development rate variations, which are attribute to the interaction of factors parasitoid phene/leaf roller phene (up to 29%) and parasitoid phene/oak genotype (up to 13%). Thus, genetic information regulates ecosystem functioning and creates regular dynamics of whole system from the chaos of random interactions among individuals.

Antonets N. V., Balalaev A. K., Shumkova M. S.
Forecasting of the Number of Micromammalia and Solar Activity
In this article the data of dynamics of number section populations of small mammals in Dnipropetrovsk Region with 19571999 and Dnpro-Orels Natural Reserve at 19912009 was given. With the purpose of prognostication of number dynamics the long-term lines of number on background kinds fine micromammals of dominant group were analyzed. The analysis of long standing dynamics of number small mammals and comparison data with Wolf number demonstrated, that dynamic of number phone species (and dominant in particular) carry a cyclic character and conjugate contact witch 11-years cycles of sun activity. Consequently, it was clearing up hidden periodical in dynamic of number mouse rodents. At 2012 year, before peak of sun activity in 2013 year next high increase of number small mammals for maxima (outbreak mass reproduction is a peak big wave witch 11-years cycles of sun activity) took place.

Savarin A. A.
About Variability of Os Bregmaticum in the Skull of the Northern White - Breasted Hedgehog (Erinaceus Concolor Roumanicus) Inhabiting the Territory of Belarus
The analysis of the additional bones variability of the northern white-breasted hedgehog inhabiting the territory of Belarus was made. Data of Pucek (1962) who learned additional bones of Belorussian and Polish Polesie were taken for comparison. Revealed features of the additional bones variability confirm its pathophysiologic formation during postnatal period.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Korolev . V.
Construction, Mechanism of Action and Application Method of Device for the Soil Traps (Barber’s Traps) Establishment
The construction and mechanism of action of special device are described. The given device is exploits for Barbers soil traps setting with the intension to census of ground litter mesofauna. The advantages of using the proposed special device are analyzed.

GEOECOLOGY

shirin . S. Bondareva L. V.
Mapping of the Vegetation of the National Landscape Reserve «Mys Fiolent» and the National Zoological Reserve «Buhta Kazachiya» (Large Sevastopol, Crimea)
The results of mapping of the vegetation of the national landscape reserve Mys Fiolent and the national zoological reserve Buhta Kazachiya were given. Areas of plant communities of the reserves and their ratios were calculated.

Dragavtseva I. A., Savin I. Yu., Nikolenko V. V., Domozhirova V. V.
Development of a Framework of the Nature - Landscape Placement of Orchards in Krasnodar Region
A framework of the nature-landscape placement of orchards was developed on the basis of analysis of a created electronic geographic information system data base. This framework allows to use edaphic and climatic environment resources and genetic potential of various fruit crops efficiently.

Vasenko A. G., Vernichenko A. A. Vernichenko-Tsvetkov D. Ju.
Several Aspects of the Construction of Assessment Scales of Ecological Classifications of Surface Waters
In this article the modern methodological approaches to surface water quality assessment were analyzed. The recommendations of the Water Framework Directive, concerning the ecological status detection, have been examined. The necessity of the elaboration of double scales for most of criteria for surface water status ecological classifications was substantiated and versions of solution of this task were suggested.

Zhukov A. V., Zadorojhnaya G. A., Andrusevich E. V., Tur V. V.
The Usage of Spectral Characteristics for Estimation Spatial Heterogeneity of Ecological Properties of the Sod - Lithogenic Soil on the Red - Brown Clays
The possibility of estimating edaphic properties of sod-lithogenic soils on red-brown clays on their color characteristics has been studied. Clusterisation of soil samples on the basis of optical properties lets to identify relatively homogeneous areas of soil technozem which characterized by specific edaphic properties and related environmental conditions. This result proves the possibility of using the color properties of the tehnozem surface layer for large-scale mapping of environmentally relevant heterogeneity of soil cover.

ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

Skliar V. G., Skliar Yu. L.
The Formation of Structural Elements of the Econet of Polissya Part of the Sumy Region: Actual Issues and Practical Approaches
The information about the characteristic feature of the natural reserve fund Sumy region and its Polissia part. The analysis of the state of natural systems and the degree of value sozological several territories, of promising for commandments. Their role in the formation and optimization of the econet Polissia Sumy region.