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Issue 11 (30), 2014

Flora and fauna

Bidzilya A. V., Bidychak R. M., Budashkin Yu. I., Demyanenko S. A., Zhakov A. V.
New and interesting records of Microlepidoptera (Lepidoptera) from Ukraine. Contribution 3
An annotated list of 65 species is given. Zagulajevia hemerobiola (Filipjev, 1926) (Coleophoridae) is recorded fromEurope for the first time; 21 species – Ceratuncus dzhungaricus Zagulajev, 1971, Agnathosia mendicella ([Denis &Schiffermüller], 1775) (Tineidae), Exaeretia culcitella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854), Depressaria marcella Rebel, 1901(Depressariidae), Pleurota planella (Staudinger, 1859) (Oecophoridae), Casignetella obscenella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)(Coleophoridae), Mompha divisella Herrich-Schäffer, 1854, Psacaphora terminella (Humphreys & Westwood, 1845)(Momphidae), Blastobasis huemeri Sinev, 1993 (Blastobasidae), Сatatinagma trivittellum Rebel, 1903, Metzneria intestinella(Mann, 1864), Stenolechiodes pseudogemmellus Elsner, [1996], Ephysteris insulella (Heinemann, 1870) (Gelechiidae),Eteobalea serratella (Treitschke, 1833) (Cosmopterigidae), Ceratoxanthis rakosyella Wieser & Huemer, 2000, Cochylissannitica Trematerra, 1995, Celypha capreolana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851), Ancylis subarcuana (Douglas, 1847) (Tortricidae),Aeschremon disparalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851), Anthophilopsis baphialis (Staudinger, 1871) (Pyraustidae), Mesocrambuscandiellus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854) (Crambidae) are recorded from Ukraine for the first time.

Budashkin Yu. I.
The fifth addition to fauna and biology of the Crimean Lepidoptera
The results of 2014 original investigations of Crimean Lepidoptera fauna and biology are presented: 6 species are new forthe Crimea, 3 species (Scythris acipenserella K. Nupponen & T. Nupponen, 2000, Casignetella bornicensis (Fuchs, 1886) andHydriris ornatalis (Duponchel, 1832)) are new for Ukraine. For 15 species of Lepidoptera the new host plants are given, for onefrom them (Scythris acipenserella K. Nupponen & T. Nupponen, 2000) – for the first time. For 16 species of Lepidoptera theearly unknown annual development cycle peculiarity are given.

Protsenko Yu. V., Fateryga A. V., Ivanov S. P.
Digger wasps (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) of the collection of V. I. Vernadskiy Taurida National University. Subfamilies Astatinae, Bembicinae, Mellininae and Philanthinae
An annotated checklist of the subfamilies Astatinae, Bembicinae, Mellininae, and Philanthinae of the digger (apoid) waspfamily Crabronidae deposited in the collection of V. I. Vernadskiy Taurida National University (Chair of Ecology and Zoology)have been given. The label data of 1 435 wasp specimens of 85 species in 24 genera have been listed. The most part of thespecimens had been collected in the Crimea. Astata brevitarsis, A. rufipes, Didineis clavimana, Bembix bidentata, B. integra,B. pallida, B. turca, Harpactus transiens, Lestiphorus bicinctus, Nysson fulvipes, N. interruptus, Cerceris bracteata, C. Circularisdacica, and C. eversmanni are reported for the Crimea for the first time. Species Stizus rufiventris and Cerceris vitticollis must byexcluded from the Crimean fauna.

The Nature Conservancy

Petrovych O. Z.
Shelterbelts in the context of introducing the concept of ecosystem services.
The article raised the issue of introducing concept of assessing the economic value of ecosystems and determines the resultsof their functioning as ecosystem goods and services in Ukraine. The reviewed of the best systems of classification of ecosystemservices and analyzed the possibility to use the de Groot’s system to identify ecosystem services in agroecosystems. On the basisof analysis of scientific publications and own research, a classification scheme of ecosystem functions and services of shelterbeltswas created. Ecosystem functions combined into four main groups: regulation, habitat, production and information. For examples55 variations of ecosystem goods and services of shelterbelts from forest-steppe and steppe zones of Ukraine.

Skripnick I. A., Nikiforov D. N., Skripnick I. I.
Regional system of protected areas and biodiversity conservation in Krasnodar Territory
An analysis of the existing system of protected areas of the Krasnodar Territory, including objects that have regional status.Proposes the creation of the Territory of the system of protected areas, which will be the basis of data zoning, where the basicunit will serve as a fundamental forest formation or indigenous plant association (steppe and meadow cenoses). This system willserve as the general framework of the system of protected areas in the province.

Pankeeva T. V., Bondareva L. V.
Methodical approaches to landscape-sozological assessment of coastal systems
The method of the landscape-sozological assessment of coastal complexes was developed. The method was tested on anexample of the Mayachny peninsula landscapes which are of high biological and landscape diversity. The map of landscapesozologicalassessment of Mayachny peninsula coastal complexes was compiled. Based on this map it is possible to define thepriority areas for protection and to perform functional zoning.

Filimonova E. I., Lukina N. V., Glazyrina M. A.
Orchids in technogenic ecosystems of Ural
The article presents data on the species diversity of representatives Orchidaceae, found on technogenic objects of the Urals,the features of their habitats. Some results of research coenopopulation Listera ovata (L.) R. Br. and Platanthera bifolia(L.) Rich., growing in the forest on the Verhnetagilskaya ash dump are given in the article.


Kotolupova I. P.
Coastal management of the Black Sea (on the example of the Crimea)

Olshtynska A. P.
Diatoms and Coccolithophorids in Late Quaternary ecosistems of the Prikerchenskiy sector of the Black Sea
The results of a study of fossil diatoms, silicoflagellates and coccolithophores of two sections of the Kerch region of theBlack Sea are presented. Dependence of diatom communities from the geological and climatic factors, as well as especially of thetaxonomic composition changes from fluctuations of facial conditions is analyzed.

Kurayeva I. V.
Regularities of hard metals distribution in soils on the territory of Lugansk National Park
Characteristics of heavy metals distribution in soils of Lugansk National Park were studied. High content of heavy metalswas established that indicates its technological contamination.

Loktionova E. P., Kuraeva I. V., Voituk J. J., Matvienko A. V.
Lithological and geochemical features of the surface sediments and patterns of the microelements’ distribution in the natural objects of the eastern part of Crimean Southern Coast
It presents data study of the laws of distribution of chemical elements in the soil-forming rocks, soils, and vegetation on theterritory of conservation areas and settlements east of the Southern Coast of Crimea.

Popovichev V. N., Stetsyuk A. P., Plotitsina O. V., Popov M. A., Rodionova N. Yu., Tsarina T. V.
Mercury, primary production and hydrochemical parameters in the system of ecological monitoring of the surface layer of water area in Balaklava bay
The results of the seasonal environmental monitoring of surface water in internal and external areas of the Balaklava Bay(Crimea, Black sea) are presented. In general considering the level of eutrophication and water pollution by mercury theecological situation in the waters of the Bay is characterized as satisfactory, except the place where municipal wastewater isentering the basin.

Chibrik T. S.
The depending of microelement composition Artemisia absinthium of the substrate properties
Artemisia absinthium L., grown on the dumps, when the concentration of heavy metals in the substrate changes its trace element composition of accumulating an excessive content of most elements in the aboveground mass and roots, especially in dumps of ore deposits and Korkino coal mine. The oppression and significant Teratology (morphological) changes in the studied ecotopes practically not observed. Reduction of heavy metals content in the aboveground mass can be adjusted of remediation.

Garkusha L. Ya., Sverbilova A. A.
Biodiversity of the vegetation in the State Enterprise “Sudak Lesoohotnichje Economy”
The paper summarizes the results of years of semi-permanent (in key areas) and route studies of vegetation in the StateEnterprise “Sudak Lesoohotnichje Economy”. A variety of communities in the studied area and species diversity are described.

Razumeiko V. N., Gromenko V. M., Ivashov A. V.
Estimation of biodiversity of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of the Crimean peninsula
The species wealth, diversity and complexity of the fauna of mosquitoes in zonal ecosystems of the Crimean peninsula.Calculated by the number of births evenness Culicidae species for plains and mountainous provinces of Crimea. Describedsimilarities landscape level on the fauna of mosquitoes.

Biocenology and biology of the species

Gol’din E. B.
Dinoflagellates: biodiversity and biocidal activity
The characteristics of dinoflagellate biological activity adduces in the results of model experiments on herbivorous insectlarvae. Toxic and non-toxic dinoflagellate species possess different action to the herbivorous organisms. The inhibitory activityof microalgae including in natural trophic cycles is higher. Biological and ecological importance of mass species lays not only intoxic action, but also contains the defensive complex acting against phytophagous organisms by many-sided effects.

Yarish V. L., Antonets N. V., Balalaev A. K., Ivanov S. P.
Dynamics of number of roe deer, hare, and predatory activity of the Crimean Mountain fox in the Karadag Natural Reserve
Long-term dynamics of the numbers of aboriginal populations of roe deer, hare, and the Crimean Mountain fox was studiedin forest-steppe landscapes in the Crimean Mountains on the territory of the Karadag Nature Reserve. The population monitoringof these species allowed to ascertain that the Crimean Mountain fox is the natural regulator of the population numbers of roe deerand hare. It was shown that the predatory activity of the fox does not maintain the optimal population level of the roe deer in thecase of the absence of a wolf.

Letukhova V. Ju., Potapenko I. L.
The new population of Crataegus tournefortii in south-east Crimea
The new population of rare protected species Crataegus tournefortii near Stary Krim (South-East Crimea) has beendiscovered. Number of plants and their sizes has been set, the fruiting intensity and phytosanitary state of C. tournefortii treesalso estimated.

Svolynskiy A. D., Ivanov S. P., Fateryga A. V.
Peculiarities of anthecology of the Provence Orchid (Orchisprovincialis, Orchidaceae) in the Crimea: pollinators, method of their attraction, pollination rate
The species composition of pollinators of the orchid Orchis provincialis is revealed in one of its habitats at the south coastof the Crimea. One species of wild bees, Andrena lathyri, was registered as the pollinator. The list of the potential pollinators (sixspecies), which were ascertained on the ground of morphologic correspondence with the orchid flower, is presented. A compositemethod of the attraction of pollinators is peculiar for O. provincialis. The pollinators are attracted by the way of deception withuse, first of all, inexperienced pollinators; secondly, males of A. lathyri doing patrolling flights between orchid inflorescences;and thirdly, mimicry with inflorescences of plant species which reward bees: Lathyrus aureus and Corydalis cava subsp.marschalliana. The rate of pollinated flowers was rather big and amounted to 24,6 % in 2013 and 41,4 % in 2014.

Bryantseva Yu. V., Serikova I. M., Suslin V. V.
Interannual variability of the dinoflagellates diversity and bioluminescence fields off the coast of Sevastopol
On the example of a four-year monitoring in the coastal zone of Sevastopol conjugation of the vertical structure of thebioluminescence field due to biomass luminescent dinoflagellates with the thermohaline structure of water was confirmed.Maximum of the dinoflagellates development in the spring and autumn periods, mainly in the upper mixed layer were observed.In the period of stagnation in the upper layers (summer) development continues below the thermocline, and in winter – layers ofdinoflagellates are evenly distributed throughout the 60-meter water column. Anomalies in the sea surface temperature in the allperiod of investigations had been determining the specific dynamics of the studied parameters. After absolut maximum level ofquantitative and qualitative development of dinoflagellates in abnormally high water temperatures in 2010, became a trend ofdownward development in 2012, which was characterized by a minimum average temperature in winter, with a consequentincrease in the warm period. The fast warming in May and abnormally low temperature in September and October 2013 resultedin the maximum amplitude of fluctuations in the number of species of dinoflagellates and the second (after 2010), a powerful“splash” of development luminescent dinoflagellates and the bioluminescence field. We are got an inverse relationship betweenspecies richness and equitability in community by abundance. Thus, the most equitability community dinoflagellates was in thecoldest period (winter 2012) with a minimum development level of luminous species

Scherbina V. V.
Seasonal fluctuations of algae community biodiversity of virgin and anthropogenic-broken biogeocenosis south steppe of Ukraine
In the article the features of seasonal fluctuations of specific algae community biodiversity are considered virgin andanthropogenic-broken biogeocenosis of Biosphere reserve «Askaniya-Nova». It is set that anthropogenic interference changes thecharacteristic for virgin steppe dynamics of specific diversity on seasons and draws increase of oscillation amplitude values ofindex Shenona in the conditions of agrocenosis.

Varigin A. Yu.
Recovering succession of fouling community in the Odessa Bay of the Black Sea
The character of recovering succession of fouling community in the Odessa Bay of the Black Sea after anoxia, induceddecomposition of algae from storm emissions is studied. The sequence of settlement in the community by characteristic species isshown. The quantitative characteristics of these species before and after anoxia are presented. Complete recovery of thecommunity within six months after the start of anoxia is recorded.

Burdiyan N. V.
Аnaerobic bacteria in the periphyton of Artilleriyskaya Bay (Sevastopol, the Black Sea)
The abundance and distribution of sulfate-reducing, thiobacteria and denitrifying bacteria inhabiting in the periphyton ofmooring walls of Artilleriyskaya Bay (Sevastopol, the Black Sea) were investigated. The general presence of the examinedbacterial groups has been proven. In the coastal sediments the abundance of sulfate-reducing, thiobacteria and denitrifyingbacteria varied from 1 to 4.5×104, 750 to 4.5×104 and 25 to 2.5×105 cell/g, respectively. The capacity to utilize oil hydrocarbonsas the only carbon and energy supply was tested in continuous cultures of the sulfate-reducing, thiobacteria and denitrifyingbacteria isolated from the fouling.

Vorobyova L. V., Portyanko V. V.
Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) as a component of the meiobenthos contour habitats Odessa Sea region
For contact zone “sea – shore”, was examined the role Harpacticoida in the formation of the total number and total biomassof meiobenthos in certain contour habitats such as psammocontour, litocontour, fitocontour, potamocontour, which arecharacterized by different types of soils. In psammocontour (sandy beaches interstitials and upper sublittoral psammocontour)harpacticoida play a significant role in the formation of the total population, and especially of the meiobenthos biomass. In thelitocontour biotope (periphyton of natural and artificial substrates) their share in different parts is an average of 5.7–14.65 %(maximum 19.6%). In potamocontour copepods role in the quantitative index formation depends on the degree of river watertransformation into the sea.

Rassashko I. F., Trush K. V., Baranova N. S.
Diversity, geographic distribution of zooplankton especially aquatic ecosystems Belarusian Polessye
The work discloses the results of the study of zooplankton biodiversity of Belarusian Polesye aquatic ecosystems from1887 till the present. It is obtained that the plankton communities of the major rivers and the ponds of Belarusian Polesye arecharacterized by both considerable (Pripyat River) and moderate diversity, as well as rare species. It is shown that the regionalhydrofauna includes 515 kinds of zooplanktons (Rotifera – 358, Cladocera – 96, Copepoda – 61). The Holarctic and Palearcticgroups of species and some species located on different zoogeographical kingdoms, fields and continents are detected in theregional ponds.

Vorobyova L. V., Synyogub I. A.
Zoobenthos of biocenoses of Odessa marineregion of the Black Sea
In Odessa marine region identified six benthic biocenosis leadership which species: mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis,Chamelea gallina, Mya arenaria and polychaetes Melinna palmata, Neanthes succinea, Heteromastus filiformis. Thecharacteristic of the qualitative composition of representatives of macro- and meiobenthos of each of them, given the quantitativeparameters (number and biomass) zoobenthos six biocenosis.

Terenko G. V.
New date on the state of the phytoplankton in the Tuzlovskaja group of estuaries of the northwestern Black Sea
A comparative analysis of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of phytoplankton in the Tuzlovskaja group ofestuaries was carried out in autumn 2012 and spring 2013. In autumn 31 and in spring 56 species and varieties of algae were inthe estuaries. Total number was 73 species and varieties, including 4 new species for the north-west part of the Black Sea. In theestuaries marine forms dominated (from 68 % in autumn, 59 % in spring); most species belonged to plankton (68 % in autumn,79 % in the spring); there were relatively high proportion of benthic species (32 % in autumn, 21% in the spring). In all seasonsShannon indices of species diversity were calculated.

Georgieva E. Y., Stelmakh L. V.
Peculiarities of phytoplankton development in the surface waters of the Black Sea in May 2013
The results of investigations of quantitative indicators of phytoplankton were obtained in the surface waters of the BlackSea in May 2013 (the expedition R/V “Professor Vodyanytsky”). It is shown, that Emiliania huxleyi bloom was observed for themost part of the sea (near Crimea and in the center of the sea). The share of this species was equal to 90 % of total abundance and80 % of total biomass.

Doroshenko Yu. V.
Marine yeasts in the fouling communities of the system of the hydrobiological cleaning
The analysis of quantitative laws of allocating of marine yeasts of periphyton is presented. Yeasts (67 cultures) from theperiphyton systems of the hydrobiological cleaning are selected. Almost half of the cultures was isolated in June – September –32 (48%), when the water temperature was 20–25 °C. Yeast is common in mature community fouling, and newly emerging.

Gulin M. B., Timofeev V. A.
Assessment of oppression causes of the Mytilus galloprovincialis biotic potential within the belt-like zone of sink-sediments ecotope in Karadag waters
Materials of research expeditions are presented regarding to ecological status of mollusc Mytilus galloprovincialissettlements at the soft bottom sediments of Karadag coastal waters (south-eastern Crimea). Discusses the probable reasons for thedisappearance of this mollusc in the band shelly sediments (sea floor depth 24–27 m) within the humanly protected waters of theBlack Sea.

Kulakova I. I.
Free-living nematodes of periphyton of artificial substrates of Odessa Bay of the Black Sea
On artificial substrates of Odessa Bay (north-western part of the Black Sea) studied the qualitative and quantitativecomposition of free-living nematodes. Material for this work would provide samples of meiobenthos collected in June 2013,traverses the beaches “Starik” and “Delphin” (19 stations). Found that fouling traverses share of the total nematode populationdensity meiofauna ranged from 17 to 27 %. Average quantitative nematode population density ranged from 6,0±3,0 to 70,6±11,3thousand ind.·m−2, reaching high values at a point 2.5 m from the surface of the water. Detected among 42 species of nematodesdominated Viscosia minor, V. glabra, Anoplostoma viviparum, Oncholaimus campylocercoides, Paracanthonchus caecus,Chromadora nudicapitata and Neochromadora poecilosomoides. In the main study area periphyton trophic groups of nematodeswere “omnivores-carnivores” (2B) and “epistrate feeders” (2A). Omnivores-carnivores (2B) and “epistrate feeders” (2A)prevailed among the trophic groups

Terentyev A. S.
The reaction of mass species of zoobenthos on the siltation in Kerch pre-strait of the Black Sea
The siltation of the water area of Kerch pre-strait of the Black Sea due to the effects of ground trawling trade and dumpingled to the destruction of ground biocoenosis of the district. The exclusion was the typical for the silt biocoenosis Terebellidesstroemi, which increased its area by biocoenosis Mytilus galloprovincialis and Modiolus phaseolinus. Decrease of the numberzoobenthos occurred in many respects due to decline of dominant types. There were allocated 3 groups of ground animals: badlystanding the siltation, indifferent to the siltation, increasing the number after the siltation. The main role in the initial biocoenosisis assigned to types, relating to the first group. The share of the second group increases in the newly formed communities, thethird – in more destroyed areas. Nephthys hombergii, N. longicornis and T. stroemi are the most resistant to the silting. Spongesdon’t tolerate siltation absolutely.

Revkov N. K., Timofeev V. A., Lisitskaya E. V.
Сomposition and seasonal dynamics of macrozoobenthos in local biotic complex Chamelea gallina (western Crimea, Black Sea)
The studies of taxonomic composition and seasonal changes of macrozoobenthos community inhabiting biotope of sandalong the western coast of Crimea for the period April 2010 – October 2013 had been fulfilled. 86 macrozoobenthos species wasregistered. The core of biocenotic complex Chamelea gallina is formed by 7 species with 100 % occurrence. The influence ofseasonality factor for quantitative indicators of macrozoobenthos was not found. Comparison of the results obtained with thematerials of previous years indicates quasistabilization sandy sublittoral macrozoobenthos development of western Crimea afterthe crisis of the 1990’s.

Stelmakh L. V., Mansurova I. M., Akimov A. I.
Cultures of the Black Sea dinoflagellates: experimental studies and practical significance
A brief history of the largest on post-Soviet space collection of marine planktonic algae is presented. A large proportion ofspecies refers to the dinoflagellate. The results of experimental studies have shown the effect of light, temperature and variousnitrogen sources on the growth of mass species of dinoflagellates of the Black Sea. The optimal conditions for the growth ofthese species were defined. We discuss the practical importance of marine planktonic algae cultures.

Reut A. A., Mironova L. N.
Introduction of decorative herbaceous perennials in Republic of Bashkortostan
In the article the resullts introduction studying more than 469 species of ornamental grassy plants from the collection of theBotanical garden-institute of the Ufa center of science of the Russian Academy of Sciences have been given. The data ontaxonomic structure, ecology, phytocoenosis dependence and geographical structure of cultivars have been shown. Thecorrelation introduced plants on vital forms, rhythms of year development, flowering terms has been considered. The evaluationof introduction success on 7-mark scale has been given.